National Institute of Malaria Research
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NIMR Field Unit: Panaji, Goa
One of the most beautiful places, Goa is India’s smallest state, located between Latitudes 15o degrees, 48'00" N and between 14o, 53'54" N and Longitudes 74o, 20'13" E and 73o, 40" 33" E. Goa has a land area of 3702 sq. km, a coast line of 104 km and a population of 1.45 million. There are 2 districts, 11 blocks and 359 villages. Goa is bound on the north by Sindhudurg district of Maharastra state, on the West by the Arabian sea, on the South by Karwar district of Karnataka state and on the East by Belgaum district of Karnataka state. The highest mountain is Sonsogor in the Sahyadri range of the Western Ghats which is 3,827 feet above sea level. Panaji is the state's capital, while Vasco da Gama is the largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. The Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was liberated by India in 1961.
Malaria was endemic in Goa during most of the Portuguese rule. There are records to suggest that malaria in the hinterlands was a serious menace especially in three subdistricts (‘Talukas’) of Sattari, Sanguem and Canacona. However, during eradication phase, malaria incidence was greatly reduced till mid 1980s when only a few cases were reported. A serious epidemic of malaria occurred from 1986-88 in Panaji. At the request of Govt. of Goa, a field unit of National Institute of Malaria Research was established at Panaji on 6th Sept. 1989 with objectives to
➢ Ascertain factors responsible for malaria outbreak and its social, geographical and health impact
➢ Study bio-ecology of malaria vector/s and devise suitable control strategy
➢ Demonstrate malaria control with bio-environmental measures engaging with cross section of the society.
➢ Transfer malaria control technology to the state
➢ Provide regular training and research support to the state NVBDCP and strengthen malaria control activities in the state.
➢ Provide need based consultancy and advise to NGOs working in health sector and establishments.
1. Dr Ashwani Kumar, Scientist F and Officer-In-Charge
2. Dr. Hemanth Kumar, Senior Research Scientist
3. Dr Shivaji K Jadhav, Scientist- C
4. Dr Ajeet Kumar Mohanty, Scientist B
5. Dr Rajeshwari B. Scientist B
Ongoing Research Projects:
1. Malaria Evolution in South Asia, (funding: National Institute of Health, USA)
2. Characterization of Dengue/DHF, Chikungunya and Yellow fever vector Aedes aegypti L. Proteome
3. A study on the role of gut microbiota in modulation of longevity, fecundity and fitness of An. stephensi as a malaria vector
4. A study on isolation, characterization and efficacy of naturally occurring mosquito pathogenic Bacilli in Goa, India.
5. Proteomic analysis of urine of malaria patients using high resolution mass spectrometry for identification of candidate biomarkers for Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infections.
6. Field testing and evaluation of the efficacy of VectoMax FG as a mosquito larvicide in Goa, India.
Recent Research Publications
Quiñones ML, Norris DE, Conn JE, Moreno M, Burkot TR, Bugoro H, Keven JB, Cooper R, Yan G, Rosas A, Palomino M, Donnelly MJ, Mawejje HD, Eapen A, Montgomery J, Coulibaly MB, Beier JC, Kumar A. Insecticide Resistance in Areas Under Investigation by the International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research: A Challenge for Malaria Control and Elimination. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Sep;93(3 Suppl):69-78. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0844. Epub 2015 Aug 10. Review. PubMed PMID: 26259947; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4574276.
Moss WJ, Dorsey G, Mueller I, Laufer MK, Krogstad DJ, Vinetz JM, Guzman M, Rosas-Aguirre AM, Herrera S, Arevalo-Herrera M, Chery L, Kumar A, Mohapatra PK, Ramanathapuram L, Srivastava HC, Cui L, Zhou G, Parker DM, Nankabirwa J, Kazura JW; International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research. Malaria Epidemiology and Control Within the International Centers of Excellence for Malaria Research. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Sep;93(3 Suppl):5-15. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0006. Epub 2015 Aug 10. PubMed PMID: 26259946; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4574274.
Conn JE, Norris DE, Donnelly MJ, Beebe NW, Burkot TR, Coulibaly MB, Chery L, Eapen A, Keven JB, Kilama M, Kumar A, Lindsay SW, Moreno M, Quinones M, Reimer LJ, Russell TL, Smith DL, Thomas MB, Walker ED, Wilson ML, Yan G. Entomological Monitoring and Evaluation: Diverse Transmission Settings of ICEMR Projects Will Require Local and Regional Malaria Elimination Strategies. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2015 Sep;93(3 Suppl):28-41. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0009. Epub 2015 Aug 10. PubMed PMID: 26259942; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4574272.
Valecha N, Srivastava B, Dubhashi NG, Rao BH, Kumar A, Ghosh SK, Singh JP, Kiechel JR, Sharma B, Jullien V, Dash AP, Taylor WR, Anvikar AR. Safety, efficacy and population pharmacokinetics of fixed-dose combination of artesunate-mefloquine in the treatment of acute uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in India. J Vector Borne Dis. 2013 Dec;50(4):258-64. PubMed PMID: 24499847.
Anvikar AR, Sharma B, Sharma SK, Ghosh SK, Bhatt RM, Kumar A, Mohanty SS, Pillai CR, Dash AP, Valecha N. In vitro assessment of drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum in five States of India. Indian J Med Res. 2012 Apr;135(4):494-9. PubMed PMID: 22664496; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3385232.
Korgaonkar NS, Kumar A, Yadav RS, Kabadi D, Dash AP. Mosquito biting activity on humans & detection of Plasmodium falciparum infection in Anopheles stephensi in Goa, India. Indian J Med Res. 2012;135:120-6. PubMed PMID: 22382193; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3307172.
Kumar A, Chery L, Biswas C, Dubhashi N, Dutta P, Dua VK, Kacchap M, Kakati S, Khandeparkar A, Kour D, Mahajan SN, Maji A, Majumder P, Mohanta J, Mohapatra PK, Narayanasamy K, Roy K, Shastri J, Valecha N, Vikash R, Wani R, White J, Rathod PK. Malaria in South Asia: prevalence and control. Acta Trop. 2012 Mar;121(3):246-55. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.01.004. Epub 2012 Jan 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 22248528; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3808995.
National Institute of Malaria Research (ICMR), Field Unit, DHS, Campal, Panaji - 403001, Goa, India
Telephone: 0832-2222444, 0832-2222440; Fax: 0832-2222444
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